The Indian government’s Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme is a game changer for the manufacturing and warehousing sector in the country. Launched in 2020, the scheme aims to boost the country’s manufacturing sector, reduce dependence on imports and make it globally competitive. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at the impact of the PLI scheme on the Indian manufacturing and warehousing sector.


Since its launch, the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme is driving progress in the manufacturing sector with the aim to provide financial incentives to companies that increase production in selected sectors, including electronics, pharmaceuticals, textiles, and food processing. The primary objective of the PLI scheme is to increase domestic production and reduce the country’s dependence on imports under the Atmanirbhar Bharat (Self-Reliant India) initiative, particularly in critical sectors such as electronics, where India currently imports a significant portion of its needs. By providing incentives for companies to manufacture these products in India, the government hopes to promote the growth of the Indian manufacturing sector and create new job opportunities.

Additionally, for the Indian manufacturing sector to become more competitive, the companies will also get incentives to invest in cutting-edge technologies, production processes, and R&D. This will enable Indian companies to produce high-quality products at competitive prices, thereby creating further support to boost the country’s competitiveness in the global market.

Merits of the PLI Scheme

One of the biggest advantages of the PLI scheme is the financial incentives it provides to companies that increase production. The scheme provides a financial incentive of 4-6% on incremental sales of goods manufactured in India over a period of five years. This will provide a significant boost to the manufacturing sector, encouraging companies to increase production and invest in new facilities. This, in turn, will lead to the creation of new jobs and the economy’s growth as a whole.

The PLI scheme is also expected to have a positive impact on the warehousing sector in India. The growth of the manufacturing sector will result in an increase in the demand for warehousing facilities, as companies will require more space to store their goods. This will create new job opportunities in the warehousing sector and boost the growth of the logistics industry, which is crucial for the overall development of the economy.

Another advantage of the PLI scheme is the boost it will provide to the major sectors which directly impacts the growth of India’s manufacturing and warehousing sectors. First and foremost, the PLI scheme will give a surge to production in the electronics sector. India has been trying to establish itself as a major player in the global electronics market for several years, and the PLI scheme will prove to be a boon in this frontier. The PLI scheme is also expected to have a positive impact on the pharmaceutical sector in India as the country is a major producer of generic drugs. The food processing sector and the textile sector are also expected to benefit from the PLI scheme. The scheme provides financial incentives to companies of various sectors, that manufacture and produce in India, encouraging them to increase production and invest in the country. This will lead to the growth of these manufacturing industries and the creation of new job opportunities in all of these sectors which will directly boost the warehousing sector as well.

Challenges for the PLI Scheme

As much as the PLI scheme is beneficial to the Indian economy and the primary sectors contributing to it, there are various challenges that we need to address for the implementation of the PLI scheme and extract the maximum benefits out of it. Some of them are as follows:


• Limited scope


The Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme – a government initiative aimed at boosting the manufacturing sector in India – has a major drawback. Its impact on the country’s manufacturing and warehousing industry is limited as it is only applicable to specific sectors and industries. This means that not all companies operating in the manufacturing and warehousing sector may not be eligible for the incentives provided by the scheme. This restriction narrows the scope of the PLI scheme’s impact, reducing its ability to drive growth and competitiveness across the entire manufacturing and warehousing sector in India.


• High cost for implementation


The implementation of the PLI scheme involves a significant cost for the government, which could result in budget constraints in other areas, potentially impacting the government’s ability to invest in areas such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure. This financial burden could also limit the government’s ability to respond to future economic challenges or emergencies, potentially putting the country’s overall economic stability at risk. The high cost of implementing the PLI scheme is a concern for policymakers and industry stakeholders who want to ensure that the initiative has a positive impact on the country’s economy while also maintaining financial stability and sustainability.


• Possibility of misuse


Another major challenge is that there is a possibility that the financial incentives provided under the scheme may be misused by companies, reducing its overall effectiveness. Misuse of the incentives could take the form of companies falsely claiming to meet the criteria for receiving them or using the funds for purposes other than those intended by the government. This would result in a reduction in the impact of the PLI scheme, potentially reducing its ability to drive growth and competitiveness in the manufacturing and warehousing sector. To minimize the risk of misuse, it is important for the government to put in place strong systems and processes to monitor and verify that companies are using the incentives appropriately.

Concluding Thoughts

The PLI scheme is poised to significantly impact the manufacturing and warehousing sector in India. It has the potential to bring about significant positive changes in the Indian manufacturing and warehousing sector. The scheme offers monetary incentives to businesses that improve output, motivating them to invest in the country and generate new employment possibilities. The PLI scheme is available to a wide range of industries, including electronics, pharmaceuticals, textiles, and food processing, among others, and is designed to improve overall economic growth. However, it is important to ensure proper implementation and monitoring of the scheme to fully realize its potential benefits. With a focus on increasing production, reducing dependence on imports, and creating job opportunities, the PLI scheme will create a supportive environment for the growth of domestic manufacturing and thereby, boost the manufacturing and warehousing sectors of the Indian market.

The ripples of the impacts of the PLI scheme are set to have a far-reaching impact, not just on the sectors it directly targets. The warehousing and logistics industry, which has proven to be the pillars of the Indian economy during the pandemic, will benefit a lot. This industry eagerly anticipates playing a role in India’s manufacturing aspirations and contributing to the nation’s goal of becoming a $5 trillion economy.